Sunday, May 15, 2011

Google Search

A couple months ago, I implemented wrappers for the Google Charts and Google Translate API's. Today, I'd like to implement a wrapper for Google Search.

Search

First, we should build a word that, given a query, returns a URL to retrieve Google Search results (formatted as JSON):

: search-url ( query -- url )
    URL" http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/services/search/web"
        "1.0" "v" set-query-param
        swap "q" set-query-param
        "8" "rsz" set-query-param
        "0" "start" set-query-param ;

We can define a tuple class to hold the attributes every search result should have:

TUPLE: search-result cacheUrl GsearchResultClass visibleUrl
title content unescapedUrl url titleNoFormatting ;

Using some code to set attributes dynamically, we can perform a Google Search, and parse the results into a sequence of search-result objects.

: http-search ( query -- results )
    search-url http-get nip json>
    { "responseData" "results" } [ swap at ] each
    [ \ search-result from-slots ] map ;

Display

We can build some simple words that can be used to format the output of a search:

: write-heading ( str -- )
    H{ 
        { font-size 14 }
        { background COLOR: light-gray }
    } format nl ;

: write-title ( str -- )
    H{ 
        { foreground COLOR: blue }
    } format nl ;

: write-content ( str -- )
    60 wrap-string print ;

: write-url ( str -- )
    dup >url H{ 
        { font-name "monospace" }
        { foreground COLOR: dark-green }
    } [ write-object ] with-style nl ;

And then create a word to perform a search and display the results. If you are using my webbrowser vocabulary, you can open the URL's in a webbrowser directly from Factor.

: http-search. ( query -- )
    [ "Search results for '%s'" sprintf write-heading nl ]
    [ http-search ] bi [
        {
            [ titleNoFormatting>> write-title ]
            [ content>> write-content ]
            [ unescapedUrl>> write-url ]
        } cleave nl
    ] each ;

Try it out

If everything works correctly, you should be able to perform a search in the Listener (e.g., searching for "factor"):


Some things we might do to improve this:

  • add paging, to the next or previous page of search results
  • highlight in bold the searched words in the content
  • unescape the HTML entities in the content
  • build a lightweight GUI to render the results

The code for this is on my Github.

1 comment:

otoburb said...

This is a much more elegant method to manipulate and set query parameters. I was using some ugly split code before.

Thanks!